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Author Guidelines


The journal aims to provide a basis for conservation information relating to the primates of the Neotropics. We welcome texts on any aspect of primate conservation, including articles, thesis abstracts, news items, recent events, recent publications, primatological society information and suchlike.


Manuscripts may be in English, Spanish or Portuguese, should be prepared with MS Word, and must use page and line numbering. The full name and address for each author should be included. Please avoid abbreviations and acronyms without the name in full. Authors who publish in a language that is not their first language should have their manuscripts carefully reviewed by a native speaker.

Manuscripts that do not conform to the formal requirements (formatting, style of references, etc.) will be rejected without review. They can be resubmitted, provided all formal requirements are met.

Articles. Each issue of Neotropical Primates will include up to three full articles, limited to the following topics: Taxonomy, Systematics, Genetics (when relevant for systematics and conservation), Biogeography, Ecology and Conservation. Text for full articles should be typewritten, double-spaced with no less than 12 cpi font (preferably Times New Roman) and 3-cm margins throughout, and should not exceed 25 pages in length (including references). Please include an abstract in the same language as the rest of the text (English, Spanish or Portuguese) and (optional) one in Portuguese or Spanish (if the text is written in English) or English (if the text is written in Spanish or Portuguese). Abstracts are also welcome in local languages for the study location. Tables and illustrations should be limited to six, except in cases where they are fundamental for the text (as in species descriptions, for example). Full articles will be sent out for peer-review. For articles that include protein or nucleic acid sequences, authors must deposit data in a publicly available database such as GenBank/EMBL/DNA Data Bank of Japan, Brookhaven, or Swiss-Prot, and provide an accession number for inclusion in the published paper.

Short articles. These manuscripts are usually reviewed only by the editors. A broader range of topics is encouraged, including such as behavioral research, in the interests of informing on general research activities that contribute to our understanding of platyrrhines. We encourage reports on projects and conservation and research programs (who, what, where, when, why, etc.) and most particularly information on geographical distributions, locality records, and protected areas and the primates that occur in them. Text should be typewritten, double-spaced with no less than 12 cpi (preferably Times New Roman) font and 3-cm margins throughout, and should not exceed 12 pages in length (including references).

Figures and maps. Articles may include small black-and-white photographs, high-quality figures, and high-quality maps. (Resolution: 300 dpi. Column widths: one-column = 8-cm wide; two-columns = 17- cm wide). Please keep these to a minimum. We stress the importance of providing maps that are publishable.

Tables. Tables should be double-spaced, using font size 10, and prepared with MS Word. Each table should have a brief title.

News items. Please send us information on projects, field sites, courses, Thesis or Dissertations recently defended, recent publications, awards, events, activities of Primate Societies, etc.

References. Examples of house style may be found throughout this journal. In-text citations should be first ordered chronologically and then in alphabetical order. For example, “…(Fritz, 1970; Albert, 1980, 2004; Oates, 1981; Roberts, 2000; Smith, 2000; Albert et al., 2001)…”

In the list of references, the title of the article, name of the journal, and editorial should be written in the same language as they were published. All conjunctions and prepositions (i.e., “and”, “In”) should be written in the same language as rest of the manuscript (i.e., “y” or “e”, “En” or “Em”). This also applies for other text in references (such as “PhD thesis”, “accessed” – see below). Please refer to these examples when listing references:

Journal article

Stallings, J. D. and Mittermeier, R. A. 1983. The black-tailed marmoset (Callithrix argentata melanura) recorded from Paraguay. Am. J. Primatol. 4: 159–163.

Chapter in book

Brockelman, W. Y. and Ali, R. 1987. Methods of surveying and sampling forest primate populations. In: Primate Conservation in the Tropical Rain Forest, C. W. Marsh and R. A. Mittermeier (eds.), pp.23–62. Alan R. Liss, New York.


Napier, P. H. 1976. Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural History). Part 1: Families Callitrichidae and Cebidae. British Museum (Natural History), London.


Wallace, R. B. 1998. The behavioural ecology of black spider monkeys in north-eastern Bolivia. Doctoral thesis, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.


Muckenhirn, N. A., Mortensen, B. K., Vessey, S., Fraser, C. E. O. and Singh, B. 1975. Report on a primate survey in Guyana. Unpublished report, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC.


UNESCO. 2005. UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), Paris. Website: Accessed 25 April 2005. (“Acessada em 25 de abril de 2005” and “Consultado el 25 de abril de 2005” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively).


For references in Portuguese and Spanish:

“and” changes to “e” and “y” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively.

“In” changes to “Em” and “En” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively.

“Doctoral thesis” changes to “Tese de Doutoramento” and “Tesis de Doctorado” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively.

“MSc Thesis” changes to “Dissertação de Mestrado” and “Tesis de Maestría” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively.

“Unpublished report” changes to “Relatório Técnico” and “Reporte no publicado” for articles in Portuguese and Spanish respectively.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • All authors have been notified of and agree upon the submission.
  • In the comments to the editor, authors must disclose all conflicts of interest or relationships that could have influenced or biased the research on which the submission is based.
  • All work on which the submission is based adhered to pertinent legal requirements.
  • All methods for data collection and analyses are adequately described.
  • All pertinent permits and sources of funding are acknowledged in the text.
  • All sources are appropriately cited.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font and 3-cm margins; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.


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